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Chronology: SW - Hayle

  1. 1849-09-08 South West

    [1] Hayle district had a thunderstorm. Buildings were struck and set alight and a cow killed.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: N Devon Jour 13 Sep

  2. 1894-11-11 South West

    [1] River Exe: During the early hours of Monday 13 November following a prolonged storm of rain and hail, the Exe rose within 9 inches of the October 1960 flood and Cowick St Alphington St Exe St Tudor St and Frog St were all mentioned as being flooded to various depths [2] River Dart: Much damage in S. Devon. A boy and 30 sheep drowned, four bridges washed away at Lanwet, also the Wesleyan Chapel at Ruthern' [3] River Tavy: Rainfall observer at Tavistock (Rose Villa) noted in reviewing the month: 'Warm, damp, and very wet; rain was measured daily till the 16th amounting to 9.17 in. In the three days ending 9 a.m. on the 14th 5.49 in. fell A flood three feet higher than for at least 50 years occurred in the river Tamar about midnight on the 12th...' November Rainfall observer at Empacombe, Devonport, noted 'Exceptionally rainy. On 7th 1.08 in. fell; on 11th 1.90 in., and on 13th 1.25 in. These rains caused very disastrous floods. In the 26 days ending on 14th, 12.00 in. of rain fell”. [4] Launceston (Cornwall): The driver of a waggon with three horses attempted to cross the Eary, they were all washed away and one horse was drowned.' [5] River Fal River Kenwyn: 'During the week ending' 13th November 1894 ‘ 6.73 inches (171mm) fell' [at Truro, River Kenwyn]. Between 9.00 am on the 11th and 9.00 on the 12th 'the fall amounted to 2.36 inches' (60mm). Stressing the importance of wet antecedent conditions in causing floods on this catchment the article states that; the October 1880 storm 'had not such disastrous effects as the present, as it was not preceded by so much rain'. By the 12th 'the streams had risen to such an extent that the houses at the east side of St Georges Road were inundated, the shops in River Street ... were almost knee deep through the stream having become choked and forced its way through the floors of houses'. It is not clear whether choked means with debris or just too much water. At Moresk road people were rescued from their houses by boat. At Grampound the Fal tributary overflowed its banks and people on the western side of the bridge had to be taken from their houses in carts. [6] November Rainfall observer at Penzance (Trevean) noted: 'Rain 9.61 in., probably the heaviest in the century and causing such floods as were a new experience in West Cornwall.' Rainfall observer at Redruth (Trewergie) noted 'In the first 14 days, 8.25 in. of rain fell, and considerable damage was done by floods in the valleys.' [7] Scilly Isles: From 3 p.m., 11th, to 3 p.m., 12th, 4.03 in. of rain fell' [8] 'Newlyn (Cornwall) The water in some of the houses was 4 ft., and in one 5 ft. 6 in. deep' Street An Nowan was converted into a river with flow so high boats could not proceed. [9] St Dennis: China clay Works drowned and Mineral railway stopped by collapse of the banks. [10] Place Perranport: The valley from Perranport to Bolingley was a complete lake, Bolingley Mill was swamped as were many houses. [11] St Colomb: River overflowed and houses flooded. [12] Place Redruth: two children had to be resuced out of St Agnes vicarage. [13] Place Wadebridge: St Breok church was flooded to the top of the pews. Polmoria House and the Bible Christian Chapel were flooded. [14] Place Mevagissey: The town was under water almost. [15] 'St Just (Cornwall): Tremendous rain on the night of the 11th, and in the forenoon of the 12th. Houses flooded, bridges washed away, and the Levant mine flooded. [16] 'Helston (Cornwall): serious flooding in many streets, the ground floors filled with water; the gas works inundated and the supply stopped'. [17] 'Truro (Cornwall): Scores of houses flooded, anfd boats used to remove residents.' [18] Place 'Penzance: Highest flood at 11 a.m., after 15 hours of continued rain. Very many houses flooded, and numerous small buildings carried away.' Penzance daily rainfall 2.33 inches . [19] 'Looe (Cornwall): A passenger train was stopped by a gate which had floated onto the line; this was removed, and the train proceeded, but in a few minutes the flood put out the engine fire.' [20] River Camel River West Cornwall: : ' .. A culvert burst under the Cornwall railway near St Erth (R. Hayle), and as the line was under water the driver of a goods train could not see the broken track, and his train ran into it and was upset.' [21] 'Bodmin (Cornwall): Train service with Wadebridge stopped; an omnibus with three horses was started to carry the passengers, but the road was so flooded that the horses got into a field, and , as well as the passengers, had to be removed by a boat, the omnibus being left behind.' [22] 'St Agnes (Cornwall): Two feet of water in the streets.' [23] “St Breoke [sic] Church, Wadebridge (Cornwall): Flooded to the level of the top of the pews' [lower R. Camel tributary] [24] 'Bude ( Cornwall): The school was flooded up to the level of the desks, and there was three feet of water in the Post Office...' [25] 'St Ives (Cornwall): ...there is said to have been 6 ft. of water in Tregenna Place, and 9 ft. in the Stennack....Dr Nicholls reports a [rain]fall of 2.93 in., ...the full explanation of the disaster [graphically shown in a frontispiece] seems to be that the rainfall of the Rosewarne and Zennor collected in the reservoir for the old Consols mine, and that its bank gave way, the culvert below became obstructed by refuse placed on the bank of the stream, which, having been thus choked, was diverted on to the main road, down which it soon tore a gorge 5 ft. deep, and nearly as many in width, and when it reached the town, gas and water pipes were exposed and broken....' A perfect torrent broke away from half way up the Stennack close by Umbula Place and poured with a loud roar down the main streets which were in a moment flooded.At the Western hotel divide a portion went down Gabriel Street and the other down Chapel Street and into High Street to the sea. Huge rocks were carried to the lower streets. The water was perhaps deepest in Greencourt. All along the street occupants had to be moved by boats. In chapel Street water was up to the higher windows.The roads are cut to a depth of four or five feet in places. At the Stennack houses were flooded half way up the lower rooms and one house had the front washed away leaving the front rooms hanging. The torrent came down Towednack Road and throughSt ives Consols Mine where several bridges have been washed away. The photo of floding in St Ives is from St Ives Trust Archive Studies Centre and printed in Western Morning News Nov 16 2002. [26] Place Newlyn: from wWestern Morning News 30 Nov 1996 showing Rev Carah helping flood victims. [27] Place Padstow: Worst remembered flood even by 90 year olds. An old mill leat had burst open and water ran down Church Lane, Market Street and the Strand into the harbour. The old Manor Mill opposite Porthcuthan Bay was completely washed away. Bridges at Trenairn and Harlyn Bay and Trevone Bay were washed away. [28] Rumford St Ervan: The Wesleyan chapel was flooded and a portion of Rumford bridge carried away. [29] Place Ponsanooth: The Kennal valley from Stithians to Ponsanooth was completely under water and low lying houses flooded. At perranwharf the Turnpike Road was covered to a sufficient depth that a large boat could be used. Huge boulders were tossed along with thunderous sounds. [30] Carnon valley: Bissoe bridge, a historic structure, was washed away but the flood effect was made worse by the accumulation of mine debris which reduced the bridge opening. [31] St Austell river: Twenty years ago the river broke out in a similar way but the damage was trifling compared to the present. Springs burst out in the most extraordinary places, at high Cross Point, at Bullring, the White hart hotel etc. At three miles out of town the cemented floor of a cottage was heaved up in the centre and water came out up to a foot in depth. [32] Roche Road to St Austell flooded and houses and shops flooded. [33] Crowlas between Hayle and Penzance was flooded with houses flooded to 3 or 4 feet with water entering from front and back doors. At the PO the water reached the bottom of the safe where stamps are kept. At ninnie’s General Dealer the water reached the fourth stair. [34] Serious landslips occurred along the coast and int claypits. [35] River Okement: Okehampton : Gas Works flooded [36] Bissick Ladock: Flooding of houses worse than the oldest inhabitant can remember. Turnpike road flooded to 18 inches for more than a mile. [37] Place Exeter: No flood since 1866 so high in Exeter. Large areas of St Thomas were flooded; walls were laid low and gardens washed out. The problems there are not solely from the river but from local darainage which can find no outlet. At Buller’s Bridge at the Exwick crossing the current touched the level of the roadway but got no higher, never covering the road. [38] Very heavy rain fell at Boscastle on Monday and the lower part of the place literally flooded. The ground floors of the Wellington Hotel, coastguard station, and Bridge Mills were covered with water. The bridge at Boscastle was swamped and was impassable for foot passengers for some time.’

    Rainfall: The fine weather at the beginning of October broke with a storm on 20 Oct with thunder lightning and heavy rain. Since then rain has been registered every day with 12.33 in 2 weeks and 6.73 in one week at the royal institution (Truro?). No mention of thunder on 11-13 Nov. Rain was accompanied by a gale of wind which varied from virtually every point of the compass.; 11 Nov; Kingsbridge 2.67”; Salcombe 2.70”; Paignton 2.55; Sheepstor 3.11”; Penzance St Clare 2.56”; St ives 2.93”; St Just 3.36”; Scilly 2.62”; Bere Ferrers 2.30 in 18 hr; Liskeard 2.92 in 24 hr (2 raindays); Ashburton Druid 6.42” in 2 days; Crewkerne 4.92” in 3 days; Various other totals for 3 and 4 days; RCG 22 Nov gives details of preceding rainfall and wind changes at St ives.

    Source: Brierley (1964); CBHE; BR; Royal Cornwall Gazette 15 Nov 1894 and 22 Nov; Western Times 14 Nov; Launceston Weekly News 17 Nov; Clark (2005)

  3. 1954-11-25 South West

    [1] Place Truro: “Storms across Cornwall. Flooding from Kenwyn and Allen. ' [2] WB reports ‘By comparison with localities in East Cornwall and elsewhere in the south of the country, Truro escaped lightly. Storm winds combined with heavy rainfall and caused loss of shipping. The week’s rainfall at Truro was 4.96 inches. This was the wettest week since Nov 1944. [3] In Truro the flooding was the worst for several years; houses in St George’s Rd, Moresk and Old Bridge Street were affected when both Allen and Kenwyn overflowed. Water poured along St George’s Road, Frances Street, Little Castle St and Kenwyn St before returning to the river through the drains in Victoria Place. A dozen houses in the lower part of St George’s villas were affected; Hendra PO (3” deep), Truro garages and some houses on St George’s Road were flooded. One resident who lived there for 14 years said she had never known the water so high. The River Allen overflowed at Moresk by the old isolation hospital; two cottages were flooded to a depth of about 2 feet. Flooding occured later on Old bridge Street. Water did not enter St Mary’s Hall next to Truro Cathedral. [4] In the following days a great gale ravaged the Helston District and at Hayle with reference to damage to roofs but no mention of flooding. [5] Lostwithiel. Flooding occurred from the River Fowey but storm water in Tanhouse Lane flooded houses in Queen St, The Parade, Quay St, Park Road and the lower part of Fore St and North Street up to the churchyard wall. Monmouth and Globe Inns and Kellok’s surgery were surrounded by water 2 feet deep. Skeltons and Pearce’s Garages were flooded. [6] At Probus, Laddock and Grampound the river overflowed. ‘Higher Cottages’ were flooded. Golden Mill Cotttage at Probus was flooded.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: BR; CBHE; West Briton 29 Nov 2 Dec

  4. 1956-09-05 South West

    [1] ‘Downpour over the west’ Slight flooding was reported of the main roads through Hayle and Marzion

    Rainfall: Paignton 1.57”

    Source: Western Morning News 6 Sep

  5. 1977-08-23 South West

    [1] In August 1977, heavy rainfall led to surface runoff flooding in St Austell and in the Camborne and Redruth area. [2] Later in August 1977 similar flooding was recorded around Penzance, St Ives and Hayle, in St [3] Austell, Par, St Blazey and Mevagissey and in Truro. [4] E & E refers only to the effects of rain on crops; there is no reference to flooding.

    Rainfall: Penzance 71.5; Penryn 56.5; Plymouth 39.0

    Source: COL; http://cdn.Environment-agency.gov.uk/flho1211bvmh-e-e.pdf; E & E 23; 25 Aug

  6. 1992-08-22 South West

    [1] Hayle at St Erth 1957-2010 AMS Rank 2 AM 53

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Hiflows UK

  7. 1992-08-29 South West

    [1] During 28th another low left Newfoundland under a 150 knot jet stream. It turned northward on 29th and deepened to 974 mb as it tracked across Ireland. Occluding fronts drove heavy rain across Ireland and Wales overnight. [2] Tiddy at Tinford 1969-2010 AMS Rank 2 AM 40 [3] Over one week at the end of August 1992 severe storms coinciding with high tides led to flooding across Cornwall. Affected communities include Wadebridge, Hayle and Lelant, Newlyn, Penzance and Long Rock, Helston, Falmouth and Penryn, Perranarworthal, Truro, Pentewan, Bugle, St Blazey and Tywardreath, the Glyn Valley and East Taphouse.

    Rainfall: Denbury 41.5

    Source: COL; Hiflows UK; http://cdn.Environment-agency.gov.uk/flho1211bvmh-e-e.pdf

  8. 2002-11-15 South West

    [1] River Exe rose rapidly overnight after heavy rain. Sheep had to be rescued when stranded. Road and rail traffic was disrupted. River Axe was also high. [2] St Ives: River Stennack breached its banks. In two pubs the water reached 1.5 m. ‘The water came down with such a speed’. Locals said it was the worst flooding in a century.The Edward Hain Hospital was affected and some patients transferred. The entire ground floor was flooded including the kitchens. The inshore lifeboat was used to evacuate more than a dozen people from homes. The photo shows Tregenna Place in St ives. WMN shows a photo of a previous major flood in 1894 Nov 12. [3] Also affected were St Erth, Newquay, Padstow, Hayle and Newlyn. [4] St Erth: One family had 2 feet of water in their house. The A 30 between Crowlas and St Erth was closed by flooding. [5] Crowlas (between Hayle and Penzance): Water reached the level of letter boxes. [6] On 13 November 2002 heavy rainfall resulted in fluvial flooding in West Cornwall at Gwithian, St Erth, Lelant, Carbis Bay and St Ives, Nancledra, Newlyn, Penzance and Heamoor and at Marazion, Ludgvan and Crowlas. At Crowlas 20 properties flooded and 6 at Chyandour. 39 properties flooded at St Ives and 9 at St Erth.

    Rainfall: Hayle W cornwall 83.0; Culdrose 45.0; Dunkeswell Devon 46.0; Camborne had more than 30 mm between midday and midnight.

    Source: Western Morning News 14; 15; 16 Nov; Guardian 15 Nov; Cornwall Council; PFRA ANNEX 5 – Chronology of Major Flood Events in Cornwall (2011)

  9. 2003-01-01 South West

    [1] Place Angarrack: A three foot torrent of water swept through the village after a storm drain cover was blown off. Three homes and a garden were flooded. ‘Parts of the village have flooded 6 times in the last 25 years but this is definitely the worst’. [2] Pengersick Castle was flooded to a depth of 2 feet and ancient manuscripts were damaged. [3] Place Crowlas: In the early hours of New Year’s Day the town was flooded for the eighth time in seven weeks. The excessive frequency of flooding was ascribed to changes in farming practices and the removal of hedgerows. [4] Heavy rainfall on New Year’s Eve/Day 2002-2003 resulted in fluvial and surface water flooding, mainly centred on West Cornwall. Affected locations include Fexbury/Bude, Redruth, Lanner and the Portreath Valley, Carnkie, Carn Brea, Illogan and Camborne, Angarrack and Hayle, Relubbus and St Erth, Sennen Cove, Lamorna and Mousehole, Marazion, Praa Sands, Breage and Porthleven, Helston, Gweek, Constantine, Porkellis, Burras and Wendron on the Cober, Budock Water and Falmouth, Tresillian, Goran Haven, St [5] Austell, Par and Luxulyan, Herodsfoot, Pilaton and Lowley Bridge near Launceston. In Helston 20 properties flooded and 8 flooded at Gweek. 7 flooded in Redruth and 10 in Lanner.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source: Cornishman 9 Jan; Western Morning News 4 Jan

  10. 2004-08-16 South West

    [1] August storms in Cornwall, 16 August 2004 [2] This major storm was associated with convergence along the north Cornwall coast as the sea breeze set in after an increasingly warm and humid morning. The storms ran up the coast from just east of the Camel estuary to as far as north Devon, much of the afternoon. The really intense rain was concentrated in a narrow strip, running parallel with, and just inland from, the coast from Boscastle/Crackington Haven. It may be that the change in aspect of the coast at Tintagel, from WNW to NNW had a part to play, tending to make the sea breeze converge upon itself as well as against the SSW gradient wind. Just 10 miles SE of the line of storms many places had under 1mm rain. In fact much of Cornwall had a pleasant day, something that may come as a surprise after the media reports. At my home in Penzance [3] it was a basically a dry and fairly sunny day until late afternoon. The maximum temperature was a pleasant 22.6C and with light southerly winds and some strong sunshine the beaches were busy. [4] The Boscastle flood was a major event by any standards. Around 100 cars were washed through the village, into the harbour, and some out to sea. Buildings were destroyed. 130 people were rescued from roofs and trees by 7 helicopters from Brixham, Chivenor, Culdrose (Helston) and St. Mawgan. (Newquay). 2 lifeboats searched for anybody washed out to sea. All the boats in the harbour were destroyed. As far as all the businesses in the Boscastle area are concerned this year’s tourist season is well and truly over. The famous Witchcraft museum was devastated, whilst the owner, a local coastguard, was busy helping to rescue people from the devastation. The Harbour Lights, the oldest building in Boscastle and dating from the end of the 16th century, was simply washed into the sea despite being built of granite. It's sad to think that Boscastle will never look the same, but it is incredible that no one was killed. At nearby Crackington Haven conditions were just as bad. Cars & caravans were washed into the sea. The owner of the Beach Cafe, his wife, and 2 staff were washed out of the windows and plucked from the sea by lifeguards. Many small villages and hamlets just inland may not have attracted media interest, but still suffered severe flooding. Early media statements of 2 inches of rain where clearly ludicrous, given the scale of what happened. This area, effectively where Bodmin Moor meets the Atlantic, is prone to heavy rainfalls, and 2 inches would not be exceptional. The Environment Agency recorded 200.4mm in 24 hours at Otterham, just inland from Boscastle. 7 inches was reported from an unofficial site in Crackington Haven. [5] A further 40 properties were flooded in Canworthy Water, Bude, Helebridge and Crackington Haven with severe flooding at Otterham,Week St Mary, Marshgate, Millook and Camelford. [6] There is no doubt the shape and position of the SW peninsula plays a large part in the number of intense rainfall events in north Cornwall, north Devon and Somerset. A line of cloud up the peninsula is a normal event in summer, as the sea breeze convergence sets in. I have some photos on my website at . [7] In July 1987 I was at Porthcothan, on the north coast just west of Padstow, where it was sunny all day. Around midday the sea breeze kicked in, and by 1300h thunderstorms had broken out in a line parallel with the coast around 4-8 miles inland, and these continued running NE along this line all afternoon. There was severe flooding near Bodmin. Sometimes the line of showery rain set off by this convergence continues north-eastwards well into central England, as indeed happened on the afternoon of 23 [8] August. In 1957 there was an event of almost identical intensity in the same general area. Camelford recorded 203.2mm, but much of the fall was in form of large hail that was not retained in the rain gauge. The gauge at Delabole overflowed, and the figure of 6 inches quoted was an estimate. The descriptions of the flood were very similar, a wall of water coming down the valley into Boscastle. Possessions were washed out of properties down into the sea. The main difference in 1957 being that there were not dozens of vehicles being washed through the village, and hence less structural damage to buildings. [9] According to the Met. Office other similar serious flooding events that have occurred in the past include: [10] June 1917 Bruton, Somerset (242.8mm in 24 hours) [11] August 1924 Cannington, Somerset (238.8mm in 24 hours) [12] August 1952 Lynmouth, Devon (229.5mm in 24 hours) [13] June 1957 Camelford, Cornwall (203.2mm in 24 hours) [14] On 16 August 2004 the well known Boscastle event occurred. Though less well documented than for Boscastle, flash floods also hit Crackington Haven at the same time. From 16 to 18 August, flooding impacted on Bude, Canworthy Water and Ottersham, Slaughterbridge, Camelford and Tintagel, in North East Cornwall, and also Perranporth, Redruth and Portreath, Camborne and Praze-an-Beeble, Hayle, St Erth, Carbis Bay and St Ives, Crowlas, Marazion, Relubbus and Goldsithney, Helston, Mullion, and Penryn in the west of Cornwall. In Boscastle 60 properties flooded, 5 in Helebridge and many also flooded in Crackington Haven. At Praze-an-Beeble 9 properties flooded. [15] Place Camborne: Tons of mud were washed into Roseworthy affecting houses, from a nearby field. [16] Lanner near Redruth: A river of water came down the main road and affected some houses. [17] East Dart at Bellever Rank 1 15 m RoR [18] Ottery at Werrington Rank 1 15 and 60 m RoR [19] Camel at Denby Rank 1 15 m RoR

    Rainfall: Otterham 200.4; Trevalic Lesnewth 184.9; Trevalec Lesnewth (TBR) 155.8; Creddacott 123.0; Slaughterbridge 76.5; Bude 46.7; (TBR = Tipping Bucket Rain gauge – These understate intense rainfalls. Even so the Lesnewth raingauge recorded 24mm in just 15 minutes ending 1545GMT.)

    Source: COL;

  11. 2004-08-17 South West

    [1] 17th August – Storms and flooding – West Cornwall [2] A major storm moved north over west Cornwall, fortunatelynot really affecting Boscastle. 64mm fell at Camborne, 58mm in 3 hours to 2100h. This would normally sound an impressive figure, but after Boscastle, when over 3 times that fell, it sounds almost ordinary! In Penzance I recorded 40.1mm between 1600h on 17th and 0900h on 18th, of which at least 30mm fell between 1830h and 2130h. [3] However I was well west of the heaviest rain, which occurred in a north/south line from Hayle to St Erth to Perranuthnoe (just east of Marazion). There was considerable flooding in this area. The River Hayle burst its banks, and 1 lightning flash killed 15 cows! [4] Graham Easterling Penzance [5] Hayle at St Erth 1957-2010 AMS 1 AM13 [6] Tamar at Gunnislake Rank 1 15 m and 60 m RoR [7] Hayle at St Erth Rank 1 15 and 60 m RoR

    Rainfall: Camborne 67.6; Penzance 41.4

    Source: COL

  12. 2006-08-17 South West

    [1] West Cornwall – Thunderstorms and funnelclouds 17 August 2006 [2] After a brief thunderstorm around 0600GMT most of the day was warm and sunny, with a maximum temperature of 22.3C. There were however large cumulus inland. Around 1500GMT a band of showers approached from the south. These invigorated rapidly as they hit land. A heavy shower around 1540GMT dropped 3mm of rain in 5 minutes. This was quickly followed by a thunderstorm 1615- 1700GMT. This dropped a further 12.6mm, most in around 15 minutes 1630-1645GMT. The thunder passed overhead, [3] giving around 6 very close flashes. A funnel cloud occurred over northern Penzance, passing virtually over my house, and I managed to miss it! The rainfall was much more intense nearby. There was flooding at Gulval, 1 mile east of Penzance, where flash flooding washed mud through houses. There was also flooding at Drift, 2 miles to the west. At Gulval there was also large hail. [4] Funnel Cloud 18 August [5] The 18th was another warm and fairly sunny day in Mount’s Bay, the maximum temperature being 22.7C, not far off the warmest place in the UK. It was fairly still and humid. These temperatures resulted in huge cumulonimbus clouds developing just inland. In particular a virtually stationary, small but intense shower/thunderstorm idled just inland from the west coast of the Lizard peninsula all afternoon. This [6] August 2006 23 was almost certainly due to a 3 way sea breeze convergence. A south westerly onshore breeze on the west coast of the Lizard, south-easterly on the east coast, and a north-westerly breeze blowing in from Hayle on the north coast. In Penzance there was prolonged sunshine, but thunder was audible at times. At 1455GMT there was a clear funnel cloud near the southern edge of this storm, just to the north of Helston. I dashed home to get the camera, but too late. This was widely reported as a tornado, but it appears not to have reached the ground. This photograph was taken near Helston. It appeared to drift slowly north before dissipating. [7] Graham Easterling Penzance [8] Flooding at Gulval (above) and Penzance funnel cloud (below),

    Rainfall: 18th; Torquay, Great Hill 41.8

    Source: COL

  13. 2012-11-20 South West

    [1] Flooding occurred across Cornwall during this event. Notably river levels on the Hayle, Gannel and Seaton Rivers were the highest in over 40 years of recording. Across Cornwall an estimated 260 properties flooded. Many of these were isolated incidents.

    Rainfall: N/A

    Source:

  14. http://cdn.Environment-agency.gov.uk/flho1211bvmh-e-e.pdf; West Briton 19 Aug

 

 

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